Bugs & Drugs
Note in particular that a comparative Summary of the priority pathogens lists is provided. For my summary of incentives to support this pipeline, see this webpage. Corrections and amends gratefully received.
Priority Pathogen / Threat Lists
- By my count, six priority pathogen lists have been proposed / published to date:
- WHO 2022 Fungal PPL: Newsletter is here, report is here.
- India 2021: Newsletter is here, report is here.
- CDC 2019: Newsletter is here, report itself is here.
- WHO 2017: Newsletter is here, report itself is here.
- CDC 2013: Report itself is here.
- ESKAPE list 2008-9: This is the grandfather/mother of them all! The original papers are here:
- (link) Rice LB. Federal funding for the study of antimicrobial resistance in nosocomial pathogens: no ESKAPE. J Infect Dis. 2008;197(8):1079-81.
- (link) Boucher HW et al. Bad Bugs, No Drugs: No ESKAPE! An Update from the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2009;48(1):1-12
Pipeline Reviews (therapeutic products, unless otherwise noted)
- Reviews by WHO
- WHO 2022 review of preclinical and clinical vaccines (data cut-off not stated, appears to be from 2010 forward). Here are links to the report, a press release, and a newsletter about the report.
- WHO 2022 (data cut-off 30 June 2021): My newsletter is here and the review itself is here. See also Butler et al., https://journals.asm.org/doi/10.1128/aac.01991-21) and this 17 Jan 2022 newsletter.
- WHO 2020 (data cut-off 1 Sep 2020): My newsletter is here (and includes a video chat with Peter Beyer, one of the key drivers of the report). The review itself is here.
- WHO 2019: My newsletter is here, commentary by WHO staff is here, the pre-clinical pipeline review is here and is supported by a data-mining interface here; the clinical pipeline review is here.
- WHO 2017: Newsletter is here, report is here, and manuscript about the review is here.
- Reviews by the Pew Trusts (all updated as of March 2021; see also this newsletter)
- Independent pipeline reviews
- Clinical pipeline: Butler et al. J Antibiot 2023 (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41429-023-00629-8) is an update through December 2022 of the Butler et al. 2020 J Antibiot paper cited below.
- Clinical pipeline: Theuretzbacher et al. Nat Rev Microbiol 2020 (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41579-020-0340-0) is an extended commentary on the current pipeline by the group who did the WHO 2019 review.
- Clinical pipeline: Butler and Paterson, J Antibiot 2020 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41429-020-0291-8: Not open access, but you can view it online here.
- Commercial view of recently approved drugs: Alan Carr 2020: Newsletter is here. Alan’s regularly updated summary analyzes products approved in the US since 2009
- Non-traditional products: Theuretzbacher and Piddock, Cell Host Microb 2019 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2019.06.004) and Rex et al. Nat Commun 2019, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11303-9: Focused reviews and discussions of non-traditional products. Go here for a newsletter about these two papers.
- Preclinical pipeline: Theuretzbacher et al. Nat Rev Microbiol 2019 (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41579-019-0288-0) surveys 400+ active preclinical programs.
- Access- and Stewardship-focused reviews
Drug Manufacturing Standards
- On June 14, 2022, the AMR Industry Alliance (AMRAI) published its Antibiotic Manufacturing Standard: Minimizing risk of developing antibiotic resistance and aquatic ecotoxicity in the environment resulting from the manufacturing of human antibiotics. The Standard, facilitated by BSI Standards Limited (BSI, a UK-based standards body), provides clear guidance to manufacturers in the global antibiotic supply chain to ensure that their antibiotics are made responsibly, helping to minimize the risk of AMR in the environment.
- On 6 June 2023, AMRAI and BSI announced the availability of a global Minimized Risk of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) certification process that would confirm compliance with the 2022 Standard.
Note: Be sure to take advantage of the BARDA Industry Day(s) event that occurs Monday-Tuesday of this coming week … see newsletter and forward calendar for details. Dear All, In what could be called Part 2 of Excellent 2023 ASM/ESCMID Talks (read the newsletter on Jen Cohen’s talk on how manufacturing underpins both access and
Dear All, As we discussed in the 5 Nov 2023 “Pulling for Pandemic Preparedness” newsletter, AMR is a global threat: resistance in one part of the world can suddenly appear in your hospital. As an example of that sort of threat, Jason Gale’s 30 Oct 2023 newsletter entitled “Untreatable Typhoid Should Make You Worry About Poop”